A Security Operation Center (SOC) is a centralized unit that deals with security-related issues, such as network, information, and physical security. The primary goal of a SOC is to provide continuous monitoring and analysis of security-related events and incidents. This includes identifying potential security threats, investigating security incidents, and responding to security incidents in a timely manner.
SOC teams typically follow established standards and practices to meet these goals, such as the NIST Cybersecurity Framework or the SANS Institute’s Critical Security Controls. These frameworks provide guidelines for identifying, protecting against, detecting, responding to, and recovering from security threats.
SOC teams use various tools and technologies to monitor and analyze security-related events and incidents. These may include security information and event management (SIEM) systems, intrusion detection/prevention systems (IDS/IPS), firewalls, and endpoint protection tools.
In addition to monitoring and analysis, SOC teams often engage in threat-hunting activities. This involves proactively searching for potential security threats and vulnerabilities before they can be exploited.
Overall, SOC teams play a critical role in maintaining the security and integrity of an organization’s information systems and assets.